Global fish production reached about 179 million tonnes in 2018 according last data provided by FAO (https://www.fao.org/3/ca9229en/ca9229en.pdf), with a total first sale value estimated at USD 401 billion, of which 82 million tonnes, valued at USD 250 billion, came from aquaculture production. Aquaculture accounted for 46 % of the total production and 52% of fish for human consumption.
Sea cucumber is an important economical resource considering its high and increasing demand from Asian countries, where they are consumed as food but also, as source of essential micronutrients and bioactive molecules. In 2016, it was reached the maximum of sea cucumber aquaculture production (204.7 thousand tonnes), decreasing in 2018 (176.8 thousand tonnes) (https://www.fao.org/3/ca9229en/ca9229en.pdf).
The Apostichopus japonicus’ culture (sea cucumber commercial species) is one of the most profitable aquaculture systems in China. However, aquaculture of other target sea cucumber species has already been developed, including some species distributed in the NE Atlantic and Mediterranean such as Holothuria arguinensis, Holothuria mammata, Holothuria forskali and Holothuria sanctori or from Mediterranean Sea (Holothuria tubulosa and Holothuria polii).